Course Learning Outcome
On the completion of the course, students should have acquired the ability to:
1. Identify principal forces influencing ecological degradation of landscapes
2. Determine the types, possible causes and extent of prevailing ecological
3. Identify most appropriate ecological restoration measures including agroforestry
systems/technologies and entry points of the interventions; and
4. Implement the interventions and monitor their impacts.
Concepts of ecological degradation and restoration and their applications; Types, extent and cause(s) of the ecological damage/degradations; mitigation measures; conservation of biological diversity; principles and approaches to ecological restoration; regional land degradation problems and processes, holistic approach in ecological restoration; Agroforestry approach to ecological restoration; identification of appropriate agroforestry systems/technologies for intervention and entry point(s). Agroforestry systems/technologies management for ecological restoration. Appraisal of the impacts of the restoration process. Global, regional and national policies on ecological degradation and restoration.
1. D. Holmgren (1994). Trees on the Treeless Plains: Revegetation Manual for the
Volcanic Landscapes of Central Victoria. Holmgren Design Services, Victoria,
Australia ISBN: 0-646-17-568-8.
2. L.S. Meitzner and M.L. Price (1996). Amaranth to Zai Holes: Ideas for Growing Food Under Difficult Conditions. ECHO, North Fort Myers, Florida ISBN: 0-9653360-0- X.