FBL 201: Silviculture

Subject Ante and Title: FBL 201 Silviculture.

Subject status:                       Core

Credits rating:                       7.5

Time distribution:

Lectures:                     30 hours

Tutorials:                     10 hours

Practical:                     10 hours

Assignments:               10 hours

Independent study:     15 hours

Pre-requisites: FBL 101, FBL 102, FBL 103 or HT 201

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Explain different concepts and key terminologies used in silviculture.
  2. Demonstrate an understanding of the knowledge on tree seeds and forest nurseries.
  3. Establish and manage natural forests and plantations at minimum costs.
  4. Apply the learned knowledge to manage tree seed sources, forest nurseries, natural and plantation forests.

Contents: Seed and fruit formation, seed collection, processing, testing, treatment and storage. Forest nurseries: types, site selection, development, cultural techniques, grading, lifting, packing, transport, storage. Nursery records. Plantation establishment: site selection, choice of species, site preparation, spacing, planting/direct seeding. Forest fertilization. Weeding. Pruning and thinning operations. Maintaining long term site productivity. Silvicultural systems. Silviculture of individual tree species. Silvicultural management of forests (miombo woodlands, catchment forests and mangroves). Introduction to ecological zones of Tanzania: commercial species growing in each zone and the ecology of these species.

Required Readings

  1. Chamshama, S.A.O. (2004). Plantation silviculture in the tropics: a compendium. SUA, Morogoro.
  2. Evans, J. and Turnbull, J.W. (2004). Plantation forestry in the tropics. 3rd Edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  3. Mugasha, A.G. (1996). Silviculture in the tropical natural forests with special reference to Tanzania. A Compendium. SUA, Morogoro.

Recommended Readings

  1. Nwoboshi, L.C. (1982). Tropical Silviculture: Principles and Techniques. Ibadan University Press.
  2. Ngaga, Y. M. 2011. Forest plantations and woodlots in Tanzania. African Forest Forum working paper series, Volume1 (16).
  3. Wenger, K.F. (1984). Forestry Handbook. 2nd edition. Wiley Inter science Publication. New York. 133 pp.